These 10 diseases have one thing in common – they are lethal. From the first symptoms, medical intervention is imperative.
#1. Meningococcal meningitis
Meningococci are bacteria that can be found in every tenth person. They are located at the bottom of the throat and usually remain inactive. But for reasons that are however unclear, these organisms can be activated, especially in children and adolescents. The result is an infection of the cerebral envelope of the brain and spinal cord. The prognosis is favorable in 5 out of 6 cases, but only if you react immediately.
-High temperature accompanied by a severe headache
-One or several red spots that do not disappear under pressure on the skin
-Hardening of the forehead
-Intolerance to light and noise
The bacterium is fragile and delicate to survive outside of its natural environment in the throat. It is contained in the saliva of the patient and is transmitted from person to person through very close contacts. For example, in a kiss.
There is a meningococcal C vaccine that is recommended for children and adolescents up to 24 years of age.
#2. Necrotizing fasciitis – “carnivorous” disease
This lethal infection is also called a bacterial dermo-hypodermis. It is rare, but it leads to amputations, and a quarter of the infected people die. The deadly “carnivorous bacterium” spreads into connective tissue that surrounds muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
Usually, the infection penetrates the body through skin irritation infected with a “cocktail” of bacteria. The patient at first feels a pain that is too strong for such slight skin disruption. Then the skin becomes more red, swollen and shining. Finally, bubbles appear, followed by bleeding. The final stage is characterized by total insensitivity to the wound – death of the tissues, i.e., necrosis.
#3. Sudden arrest of the heart
There is nothing more urgent than the case in which the heart suddenly stops working. If something is not done in the first 8 minutes, the chances of survival are close to zero.
What exactly is happening?
Typically, heart arrest is a complication of myocardial infarction. It can also happen with drowning, electric shock, or high dose drugs. The heart begins to beat too hard until it stops at one point.
If you are witnessing such a case, you do not have a minute to lose. Keep calm and do the following three things:
- Call 911 Emergency and give the exact address.
- Start a heart massage.
- Use a defibrillator, if possible, a portable electronic device that you may find in the patient’s home or in a nearby pharmacy.
#4. Septic shock
It is the most common cause of a fatal outcome in Emergency rooms. It is due to the infiltration of infectious bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the body. Despite the progress of medicine, septic shock is fatal in half of the cases.
How do you get to it?
It all starts with an infection in the lungs or digestive system. In 10% of cases, the disease is urinary. Bacteria multiply quickly, and soon, their quantity is such that they over-fill the body and overwhelm the whole organism. A complete infection occurs, whose rapid development leads to septic shock.
#5. Anaphylactic shock
This is the most severe allergic reaction. As with septic shock, it is an acute infection, but in this case, it is associated with an allergen. It may originate from food/walnuts, peanuts, fish, eggs / medicines/aspirin, antibiotic / or bee sting.
The first symptoms appear a few minutes after contact with the allergen:
-Swelling of the face, eyelids, and lips
-Digestive disorders – diarrhea, pain, vomiting
Anaphylaxis can quickly lead to a fatal outcome. The only treatment is an immediate injection of adrenaline.
#6. Brain Vascular Accident
The vascular accident in the brain is the most common cause of death in women and disabling consequences for both sexes. It occurs when the blood circulation is interrupted in one of the blood vessels of the brain due to its blockage or tearing.
Symptoms of cerebrovascular accident occur suddenly:
– Weakness in one half of the body – leg or arm
– Difficulty in speaking,
– Mouth deformations
If you witness these signs, call 911!
One of the main risk factors is high blood pressure. Often, it does not show any symptoms and remains unnoticed. Prolonged untreated hypertension and sudden increase in blood pressure due to stress damage the blood vessels. Therefore, the prevention of cerebrovascular accidents is first of all to overcome this problem.
#7. Pulmonary embolism
It may occur suddenly in healthy people of all ages. The mechanism is the same as in the cerebrovascular accident, but in this case, the problem comes from a blood vessel in the lungs. Its occlusion is mostly due to a clot in the leg (phlebitis).
– Sharp chest pain that looks/feels like a heart attack
– Sudden panting or difficulty in breathing
– A cough, sometimes accompanied by bloody sputum
The fatal outcome occurs due to heart arrest.
#8. Acute pancreatitis
Typical of this disease is that the pancreas “devours itself.” In 10% of cases, death occurs. The primary symptom is severe pain in the stomach, which causes the patient to take side position with knees bent.
How you get this disease?
In normal functioning, the pancreas produces enzymes needed to digest food. These go into the intestine through a canal, and when it’s blocked, that causes the return of the proteins back to the pancreas and that is why it eats itself.
It is necessary to eliminate the causes that can cause acute pancreatitis, namely diseases of the bile ducts, alcoholism, metabolic disorders, drugs which are toxic to the pancreas.
#9. Ectopic pregnancy
With very severe abdominal pain and lack of menstruation or dark bleeding, it may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. In most cases, the fetus is located in one of the uterine tubules. If not removed, it develops until it leads to rupture of the tube and hemorrhage.
The solution is early diagnosis and surgical intervention.
#10. Aortic Dissection
This disease ends in death, half of the cases, if it is not diagnosed in time. It is most often due to muscle necrosis of the aortic wall. The splitting of this large blood vessel in the body causes severe pain like cut by a knife.
Risk factors are hypertension, Marfan syndrome (rare genetic disease), or the presence of such cases among the closest relatives.
The primary therapeutic actions are directed to cardiovascular complications, as they are the leading cause of death of this disease.