Why do we develop an allergy to house dust, and what sort of treatment can we get? Learn more about dust allergy and how you can make your home healthier if you have a similar condition.
Briefly on dust allergy
Dust mites are microorganisms that are a common cause of this kind of allergy. They live and multiply rapidly in a warm and humid environment. Mites like an environment with a temperature above 21 degrees and a humidity of over 70-80%, and if it gets below 50%, they die.
They most often live in pillows, mattresses, covers, carpets, curtains, and upholstery. In addition to the mites, other particles can cause allergies.
Cockroaches and their feces can also cause such an allergy. Also, these particles are a favorite food for mites.
Mold is a fungus whose spores can spread in the air. Inhalation may cause an allergic reaction. Keep in mind that you may have it without even knowing it. Some types of it are visible to the eye, others are not.
Pet hair, dead skin cells from both humans and animals can also trigger an allergy and feed those mites. Birds also pose a particular problem as their feces become dusty when they dry out and could get into the air and be inhaled.
Dust in our home is an unpleasant combination of mites, dead skin cells, mold spores, and so on. We breathe this whole cocktail of microparticles every day. Some people have an allergic reaction, others do not. It is possible that some illness could trigger the allergy to house dust. Others believe that heredity could raise the risk of such a disease. However, there is no definite and scientifically valid opinion.
Symptoms of dust allergy
Redness and itching of eyes
- Inflamed and runny nose
- A cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
Diagnosis of dust allergy
Diagnosis always starts with a thorough review of your medical professional or an allergist. Your doctor should ask you about your everyday life; identify the symptoms, and also if they could get worse. Take a nose analysis to see if there is redness or swelling on the inside.
In sporadic cases, if the patient suffers from any skin disease, a blood test is conducted that seeks specific allergenic antibodies to various allergens, including mites. However, the skin allergy test is most certain, but unfortunately, it is also quite expensive.
Treatment of dust allergy
It is most commonly treated with antihistamines to alleviate irritation in the eyes and nose. If you have a stuffy nose, your doctor will probably recommend you the so-called decongestants, otherwise, drops or nasal sprays. But you have to be careful with them. It is not advisable to use them for more than 10 days because they will stop working. And, according to some opponents of the decongestants, they could trigger addiction.
Another option with longer-lasting effect is immunotherapy treatment.
Prevention of dust allergy
If you already have a dust allergy, follow some simple rules.
If you have carpet at home, remove it. Clean your floor with a wet towel more often and all the furniture dust. It is good to have no mats in the bedroom
- Do not keep your pets in the bedroom
- Reduce the humidity at home. Buy a moisture absorber
- Wash the bed covers and pillows frequently at a very high temperature
- Buy hypoallergenic pillows and blankets
- Clean the air conditioner filter frequently
- Do your best to cope with cockroaches